The Kamasutra was written in Sanskrit by the philosopher and scientist of ancient India Vatsyayana Mallanaga. However, despite the fact, it will be incorrectly to name him the author as he performed in the role of compiler of the knowledge which had been collected earlier. That means that he compiled all the works written earlier on this subject by other authors, he rewrote and systematized them and represented the knowledge in more scientific form in his book with the title the “Kamasutra”. It can be certified by the constant references of the author through the text on other resources, such as “Rules of love” or “Kama Shastra”, which was created approximately in the VII century before the Common Era and other, which were the sources for any given information. In other words, this book is nothing else but a finished and correctly compiled collection of previous works. However, it is doubtless that in the book we can find definitely distinctive approach of the author, his style and manner of writing.
Who was Vatsyayana Mallanaga
If we speak about life and destiny of Vatsyayana Mallanaga we may say that there is almost nothing about this person in the history. The only thing we know is that they suppose that by his origin he was from the South-West India and lived in the city of Khajuraho (that is where we can find amazing temples decorated with erotic sculptures) in the III-V century of Common Era in the times of ruling of Gupts dynasty (it is indicated by the events of those times described in the book). It is right with the ruling of the dynasty that is associated the dawn of the Indian literature and architecture. So, creation of the Kama Sutra is attributed right to this period.
What did the author try to import to the Kamasutra
Vatsyayana Mallanaga did not intend to write any pornographic book about sex. Vise versa, he planned and accomplished a serious work, a study about how to act to reach sensual happiness, i.e. Kama. The book describes everything that is necessary to know for reaching such happiness. Here, physical love is compared with scientific perception, perception of the world and themselves. Sexual relationships are a part of any human life, that is a part of experience and wisdom, and when you develop in this direction, it is important and it is absolutely non shameful. Unfortunately, such an approach to this creation is not developed among our contemporaries. Not many people can penetrate to the depth of meanings of this ancient study.
For whom was written the Kamasutra
Initially, the Kamasutra was not destined for wide masses of the Indian population. It was a love guide for the highest casts of the population, that is for educated people, as it systemized and represented right their life in all its extends. It was also allowed to be studied by hetaera and daughters of the senior ranks. If wives, in this case only by permission of husbands. So, only a little part of the whole population had access to the knowledge, exposed in the book. Here are enlighten the question of law, sociology, manners of Indians from different parts of the country, art, love etiquette, culture. We should understand that in India of that time all the created texts executed pedagogical function, it means that they taught, instructed, educated. But after some time, approximately 300 years, the book became more ease of access for common people and most of those who wished could learn the high art of love.
Sexual relations as a part of everyday life as its important part are classified in the book quite widely and closely, that is on types and groups, features and ages of the participants. It is interesting that ancient Indian scientists classified absolutely everything that they were describing in their books. That’s why the “Kama Sutra” with its types of embraces, kisses, caresses and stroking that is a typical creation in the range of other scientific works, which is so serious and deep in its content.